Turkey is a unitary state in eastern Anatolia and south-eastern European eastern Thrace. The country has been secular and Kemalist since its founding in 1923 as a successor state to the Ottoman Empire. The state founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk initiated a modernization of Turkey through social and legal reforms modeled on various European nation states. The Turkish state will be organized as a parliamentary republic until the November 2019 elections. Thereafter, the government system is changed to a presidential system.
Geographically, the country is mostly divided into seven regions. Turkey has a good 79.8 million inhabitants (2016) on an area of 783.562 km². Nearly a fifth of the Turkish population lives in the metropolitan area of Istanbul, along with other megacity such as Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana, Gaziantep, Konya, Antalya and Diyarbakir. The degree of urbanization was 73.9% in 2016.There are 16 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and numerous nature reserves in Turkey.
Turkey is a middle-income emerging market and is considered a potentially emerging economic powerhouse. In 2016, the country generated the world’s thirteenth-largest economic output adjusted for purchasing power. Turkey is a member of the OECD, NATO, the United Nations, the G20 and the Organization for Islamic Cooperation. In addition, since 1999 Turkey has officially been an EU candidate country.
The current Turkish area, especially the western part, a natural bridge between east and west, has been home to a rich variety of populations and civilizations. Since 6500 B.C. Hatti, Hittites, Frigi, Urartici, Lici, Lidi, Ioni, Persiani, Macedoni, the Hellenistic kingdoms (Kingdom of Pergamus, the Seleucid Kingdom, the Kingdom of Bithynia, the Kingdom of Pontus, the Ptolemaic Kingdom), Romans, succeeded one another. Parts, Sasanids, Byzantines, the Crusaders and the Maritime Republics of Venice and Genoa, Seljuk and Ottomans, who have taken an important place in the history of modern Turkey.
Ancient and impressive archaeological sites and ruins throughout the country attest that each civilization has been characterized by different elements. Besides the Ottoman one, the main civilization flourished in Turkey was the Byzantine one, whose rule lasted for more than a thousand years, until the conquest of the Byzantine capital Constantinople (the present Istanbul), by the Turks in 1453. Numerous testimonies , the Byzantine finds and buildings scattered throughout Anatolia, and in particular in the ancient capital, such as the Basilica of Santa Sofia.
Turkey covers an area of 783,562 km², and in the last survey (2014) it was found to have 78 741 053 inhabitants, mostly professing the Muslim religion; there are small Christian minorities (especially Orthodox, but also Catholic) and Hebrew, while atheism is not widespread. Since 1923 it is a Republic.
The capital is Ankara, one of the three great Turkish cities together with Smyrna and İstanbul; the latter is the largest metropolis in the country, as well as the largest industrial and commercial center. The official language is Turkish, but there are numerous linguistic minorities. The official currency is the Turkish lira. The President of the Republic is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Turkey is the sixth most visited country in the world every year.
Turkey is New Medical Tourism Destination
Turkey declared itself as health tourism since last two years. Especially cosmetic surgery and dental care services are major services. The president of Turkey claimed that they will be the most visiting health tourism destination in two years. Medical tourism is considered a worldwide trend and is one of the consequences of progressive globalization. Around 40 countries are actively promoting patients from abroad, including the USA, Germany, Switzerland, Israel, India, Thailand and Singapore. Check out go turkey page for details.
Especially turkey dentist prices are very lower than other countries. For example you could have dental implants much more affordable than uk in Turkey. Turkey has the most advanced dental services in Europe.