Good oral or dental hygiene should be established by adopting four habits: brushing, flossing, rinsing and regular visits to the dentist and dental hygienist. It is also important to control the intake of certain foods, especially those that have a high cariogenic potential, especially sugars, such as sucrose or glucose and avoid unhealthy habits such as smoking.Odonto-stomatologic problems and diseases More frequent due to incorrect or insufficient oral or dental hygiene are: Excessive development of bacterial plaque, formation of tartar, halitosis, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Another problem that may be due to poor oral hygiene is halitosis. The bad odor of the breath can be influenced by the presence of caries Also in a while with bad oral hygiene you could have serious dental health problems.
Oral hygiene Lesson 1 : Brush Your Teeth
A good oral hygiene begins with a proper brushing, which should be done right after each meal, drink intake, especially sugary and carbonated drinks or snacks, or any food. The most important brushing, and the one that should not be missed, is after-dinner or the last intake before sleep. There are hard foods such as raw carrots that, when they are bitten, drag the bacterial plaque. However, excessive brushing can affect early enamel wear, especially if citrus fruits have been ingested after meals, so ideally between two and three brushes a day.
It may also be advisable to brush before the meal to reduce bacterial plaque. It is recommended to brush your teeth for a time of three to five minutes; that is, ten brushed for every two teeth. It should preferably be with a medium brush, bristle and straight handle and with a toothpaste containing triclosan. It is important to emphasize that the dentist is the one who must assess how the oral hygiene of each patient should be according to their needs. The use of chewing gum may be advisable. The action of chewing stimulates the secretion of saliva, which prevents the pH of the mouth from becoming excessively acidic. Xylitol inhibits the growth of the bacterium streptococcus mutans, which causes tooth decay. These chewing gums do not replace the benefits of brushing.
Brushing should be done by inserting the brush filaments into the space that is formed between the teeth. You should also pass the brush on the inside of the cheeks, tongue, palate and gums, if they are healthy. There are sores that can be remedied by rinsing water with salt. In case of observing any anomaly it is necessary to go to the specialist.
Healthy gums do not bleed with brushing. If there is obvious bleeding with normal brushing, it is likely that there is a case of gingivitis. The solution is simple: go to a dentist or stomatologist to assess the situation and if necessary practice a cleansing gingivo-dental space. It is recommended that this professional cleaning be carried out periodically. Oral hygiene has been essential for health and well-being otherwise you will dental implants when you lost your teeth roots.
Correct tooth brushing technique
It’s important to brush your teeth with correct angle. With correct angle you will wash your mouth correct and you will protect your teeth from tartar, halitosis, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Place the bristles on the gum at a 45 degree angle and The bristles should be in contact with the tooth surface and the gum. Gently brush the outer dental surface of two or three teeth with a sweeping motion from front to back. Move the brush to the next group of two or three teeth and repeat the operation. Maintain a 45 degree angle with the bristles in contact with the tooth surface and the gum. Brush gently using a sweeping motion and at the same time perform a front to back movement over the entire inner surface.
- Tilt the brush vertically behind the front teeth.
- Make several movements from top to bottom using the front of the brush.
- Put the brush on the chewing surface and make a smooth movement from front to back.
- Do not forget to brush your tongue from front to back to eliminate the bacteria that cause bad breath.
- 2 minutes is the amount needed to be able to pass it through the inside, the outside, the molars and the tongue.2
- The change of toothbrush should be done every two or three months, depending on the condition of the brush.
After brushing and flossing, it may be convenient to rinse with a mouthwash, especially in case of gingivitis. Mouthwashes with chlorhexidine appear to have an important antibacterial activity.
It is also not recommended to abuse the mouthwash; that is to say, it is especially indicated for the elimination of the bacterial plaque and a periodic maintenance, but abusing it can be totally counterproductive for the protection of the dental enamel.
In addition, mouthwashes eliminate all the bacteria in the mouth, both the harmful and the beneficial ones that they defend, leaving the mouth vulnerable for a certain period of time.
Always pay attention to that mouthwashes do not contain alcohol, since it has been demonstrated that the abuse of said products have an increased probability of contracting oral cancer.
It should be used 2 to 3 times a week.